VNC is a remote desktop sharing system that will allow you to connect your home PC to a GUI (graphical interface) hosted on your VPS, for easy remote management. This guide will walk you through the steps required to setup and access a VNC server hosted on a Debian VPS.
Before beginning, ensure you are logged in to your VPS as the root user, and run the following to make sure your system is up to date:
# apt-get update # apt-get upgrade
1. Install GNOME:
#apt-get install gnome-desktop-environment
2. Install required fonts:
# apt-get install xfonts-100dpi # apt-get install xfonts-100dpi-transcoded # apt-get install xfonts-75dpi # apt-get install xfonts-75dpi-transcoded # apt-get install xfonts-base
3. Install TightVNCServer:
# apt-get install tightvncserver
4. Start TightVNCServer for the first time, it will copy config files and prompt you for a password:
# tightvncserver :1
5. Stop the VNC server, so we can continue to configure it:
# tightvncserver -kill :1
6. Edit the xstartup file:
# vi ~/.vnc/xstartup
Press “A” to enter edit mode. Replace the contents of the file with the following (or edit to match):
#!/bin/shxrdb $HOME/.Xresources xsetroot -solid grey x-terminal-emulator -geometry 80x24+10+10 -ls -title "$VNCDESKTOP Desktop" & # x-window-manager & gnome-session &
Press ESC, type :wq, then press enter to save and close the file.
7. Start the VNC server with your desired resolution:
# tightvncserver -geometry 1024x768 :1
You can now access your server’s remote GNOME desktop with a desktop VNC client. Enter your server’s main IP address, Port 1 (or 5901, alternately), and the password you set earlier to connect to the desktop.